Chania is the second largest city on the island of Crete, and also the capital of the local government region (municipality) which bears its name. Chania is on the north coast of Crete, around 60 km (37 m) west of Rethymnon and 135 km (84 m) west of Heraklion. Often referred to as “Venice of the East”, Chania is a city that is divided into two parts: the old town, and the larger modern one. Chania old town surrounds the old harbor port – the basis of the development of the whole urban area and the modern city. The old town was once surrounded by Venetian fortifications dating back to 1538, but today only the eastern and western parts remain.
Chania has a long and unique history to narrate: once a Minoan settlement, it then went through the Roman, the Byzantine, the Arab, the Venetian and the Ottoman era. Through various revolts, it was finally reunited with the rest of Greece in 1913. The 2nd World War and the Battle of Crete are other important chapters of Cretan history.
Chania’s nature, hospitality and culture are just too rich to be included in a sole paragraph